Lorem Ipsum

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec vel libero at lectus rutrum vestibulum vitae ut turpis. Ut ultricies pulvinar posuere. Nulla rutrum, libero nec pharetra accumsan, enim leo blandit dui, ac bibendum augue dui sed justo. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Duis sit amet fringilla mauris. Ut pharetra, leo id venenatis cursus, libero sapien venenatis nisi, vel commodo lacus urna non nulla. Duis rutrum vestibulum ligula sed hendrerit. Ut tristique cursus odio, et vulputate orci fringilla nec. Proin tempus ipsum ut augue consectetur, in varius dolor bibendum. Proin at dapibus nisl.

Aliquam purus lectus, sodales et est vitae, ullamcorper scelerisque urna. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nulla feugiat, nunc nec gravida varius, nisl tellus dictum purus, a tristique purus lectus eget orci. Vivamus faucibus diam erat, vitae venenatis neque convallis vitae. Etiam eget iaculis arcu. Duis id nisl sapien. Aliquam erat volutpat. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Quisque luctus lorem a odio congue auctor. Suspendisse potenti. Nunc convallis, ante sit amet lobortis eleifend, orci dolor lacinia diam, quis luctus ante magna non sem. Phasellus pretium aliquam enim, a suscipit elit sodales vel. Proin tincidunt quis ipsum in condimentum. Vivamus molestie sodales erat et feugiat. Maecenas venenatis, leo in adipiscing commodo, eros tellus dapibus dui, in dignissim risus ligula id elit.

Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. Nulla facilisi. Donec semper nisi non enim pulvinar venenatis. Vestibulum semper metus.


Choosing Wisely is the key while Purchasing a Good Accounting Program

Accounting ProgramEvery business owner has to make the big decision about purchasing a good accounting software program for their accounting activities. This helps is streamlining their process and eventually leads to good accounting. However, once this decision is made, it becomes difficult and also costly to switch to some other program if you feel that the one you selected is not good enough for you. This makes it imperative that you make the selection with care after reviewing all the aspects related to the software and how they can be beneficial for your accounting activities.

Factors to consider while selecting a good program?

There are some key indicators and aspects that you need to carefully review when you select the accounting program (Regnskabsprogram) for your business. These factors are as follows:

* The cost of the program
* Efficiency to input data
* The learning curve it provides
* Capabilities of reporting
* Flexibility rendered

Let us now consider all the above aspects in brief.

The cost

While selecting the program, you need to compare the prices of different programs. Remember that this will be a one time investment and hence, choosing wisely is advocated. Some programs are available on monthly fees while others can be bought outright. Again, you need to weight all aspects such as, the features offered along with the cost and then make the final choice.

Efficiency to input data

You need to consider how long the program takes for inputing all the information. If the program takes longer time, then the cost incurred will be quite significant and hence, such a program may hamper your intentions of streamlining and getting the business in order efficiently. Hence, it is wise to choose the software that allows quick entries and saves your time in the process.

The learning curve it provides

Some accounting programs are complex and hence, they consume lot of time for you and your employees to learn their working. This is not good for your business overall. Hence, check whether the operations of the program are easy to understand and are user-friendly.

Capabilities of reporting

This is a major differentiator among different accounting software programs. Reporting is extremely important from the business perspective for proper management. Hence, when you make the selection of the accounting program (Regnskabsprogram), remember to check the reporting strength it renders. The reports need to be delivered to you easily.

Flexibility rendered

Finally everything boils down to how flexible your program for accounting is. When flexibility is considered, it means that the program needs to offer complete ease of operations along with providing easy access to extraction of data from it. It also means that the program needs to easily allow entry corrections and transferring it from one system to the other. Consider a scenario when all your important accounting information is locked in the accounting software program and you are unable to modify or access it. This will create a huge problem. All this makes it mandatory that the program you select is flexible enough for you to make adjustments according to your needs.

Finally, when you keep all the above mentioned pointers in mind, the selection of a good accounting software program will become easier. Further, this will ensure that you obtain a system that is beneficial for your business. Denmark provides many options to get good programs for accounting; however, all these factors need to be considered before making the final choice.


Strategic Management Accounting Certification – A Way to an Advanced Career

Accounting CertificationMost businesses use some or all forms of management accounting, such as budgeting, cost allocation, break-even analysis. But strategic decision making goes beyond these functions and focuses on how external factors (competition, political environment and monetary policy can affect a company’s operations.

As strategic management accounting is an extremely important function, there is a huge demand for professionals who can help companies plan, craft, implement and execute strategies to take their businesses to the next level. If you’re an accounting graduate or professional, considering such opportunities can really boost your career. However, with a post-secondary diploma, it is really difficult to get into such an important position.

How to Get into This Field?

Typically, professionals with prior experience in accounting, finance and other related fields along with higher education are preferred for such positions. Excellent leadership skills further strengthen their case. If you have reached the dead end in your accounting career or are looking to avail more advanced career opportunities, enrolling in a postgraduate strategic management certificate program is a great idea.

It will provide you with a systematic and rigorous specialization in management accounting in context of strategic management along with leadership skills. And as a graduate of this program, you will also be eligible to CPA Ontario.

What Will You Learn?

As I said earlier, this is a rigorous program that includes a comprehensive coverage of all key areas of management, and cutting-edge managerial and leadership practices of the best companies in the world. You will gain advanced knowledge in taxation, information systems for business management, operations management for products and services, advanced auditing, advanced financial management, ethics and stakeholder management, and contemporary organizational behaviour. As a graduate of this program, you’ll be able to:

– Critically analyze a management accounting and control system
– Define and implement accounting systems in tandem with strategic needs of the organization
– Demonstrate expertise in most advanced tools and techniques of management information systems such as ERP systems (Enterprise Resource Planning systems)
– Engage in effective communication with stakeholders
– Design and execute strategy to attain business objectives

What Can You Do Upon Graduation?

Typically strategic management in accounting is a one-year diploma program. You can pursue your career as an accounting manager, controller or business analyst upon graduation with financial institutions, manufacturing concerns, government offices, public accounting firms or service industry.

If you want to avail more advanced job opportunities than those mentioned above, you may apply your academic credits towards a degree program with partnering universities.

Do All Colleges Have Articulate Agreements?

Not necessarily. If you may consider higher education once you graduate from this certificate program, it’s ideal to join a college that allows you to start with a post-graduate diploma program and end with a degree (if you wish to). Centennial College has partnered with universities and allows you to apply your diploma credits towards a degree program in strategic management in accounting. But you’ll have to meet minimum grade requirement in order to qualify for further studies.

So, continuing education can help you boost your career and can place you in the front league. You must upgrade your skills and knowledge and explore new opportunities, if this is possible for you.


Strategic Management Accounting Program Offers Comprehensive Coverage of Key Field Areas

Accounting Program 2While the duties of accounting supervisors, accounting managers, assistant controllers, controllers and business analysts all vary there are some commonalities. All of these professionals must have the know-how to perform accounting duties, benefits administration, and audit, manage processes, report research results, develop budgets, track budget expenses, navigate financial software, analyze information, and more. These professionals may launch careers in financial institutions, government offices, public accounting firms, manufacturing industries, service industries, small business and through self-employment.

Centennial College offers a two-semester Strategic Management in Accounting program that is open to anyone who has completed a three-year college diploma or university degree in accounting as well as anyone who has a two-year college diploma or a partial university degree (75 per cent complete) in accounting, and who has a minimum of two years work experience relevant to this program. Applicants may be required to provide proof of English proficiency.

The offering is facilitated out of Centennial College’s Progress Campus, which is centrally located and houses other programs from the School of Business. This is important, as students are able to network with peers from offerings that are similar to theirs. Additionally, Progress campus houses modern computer labs that feature software that is relevant to this field. As such, students gain hands-on exposure to the latest technology applications in the area of management information systems, including ERP systems. Hands-on training is also presented to students through extensive use of case studies, simulations as well as leading-edge managerial and leadership practices of the best companies in the world. Students are guided through their learning by a team of professors with strong academic backgrounds, extensive business and management experience.

While other strategic management programs may focus on business or accounting, this program balances both perfectly. The program provides rigorous study of financial accounting, managerial accounting, taxation and auditing, and includes comprehensive coverage of all the key areas of management.

Specific courses in this offering include: Accounting Theory and Policy (standards such as reserve recognition, management discussion and analysis, employee stock options, post employment benefits, financial instruments, ceiling tests, hedge accounting and comprehensive income are critically evaluated); Advanced Taxation (focuses on compliance with the requirements of the Income Tax Act for Canadian resident corporations with specific emphasis placed on the decisions to be made by the owner/manager of a Canadian controlled private corporation); Advanced Managerial Accounting (covers relevant costing, capital budgeting, transfer pricing, balanced scorecard, inventory management, variance and profitability analysis, performance measurement and compensation, and the application of management accounting concepts and techniques to support business decision making); and others such as Operations Management for Products & Services, Information Systems for Business Management, Crafting and Executing Strategy and Contemporary Organizational Behavior.


Bookkeeping Performs An Extremely Important Role In Every Business

In now’s up to date home business epoch, bookkeeping performs an exceedingly extremely important purpose to work a home based business lucratively. The triumph associated with a business venture varies according to correct bookkeeping largely. A proprietor as well as who owns the provider contact within the recent costing, sales and profits return, prices, amount of money overdue, productiveness together with other a number of parameters via the correct bookkeeping .These types of necessary issues to prevent yourself from pressure on margins and muddle via the switching cutthroat environment.

Regrettably, some businesses give considerably less precedence on bookkeeping to evade overheads. Like businesspersons are infelicitous. Make perfectly sure that apposite bookkeeping pays inside the quick also in duration. Previously the bookkeeping was in the past not suitable due to which countless worthwhile business ventures endured .Flawed bookkeeping contributes to enormous backlogs, which leads to distortion within the home business. Also a money-spinning business ventures may perhaps be skewed in absence of accurate bookkeeping.

Placing increased even more, we’ve been purported to be aware that its compulsory regarding diminutive corporate homes to post periodically ready results to characterize valid photo of feat, so stockholders could take well-versed judgments. Due to this fact, we conclude that your inevitability of bookkeeping services is honest as well as obligation for all sorts of businesses to work fruitfully. It’s fundamental to purchase a reliable person to take up this arduous profession of maintaining your publications towards your contentment.

There’s two main different kinds of bookkeeping products and services obtainable for minor home business. You’re the bookkeeping by professionals who function individually themselves. During the 2nd, choice the good qualities function as a crew. Whilst variety, make sure you are aware of the detriment and features about the two main variations. Independently operating experts are first-class in the sense them to assembled own affinity on you, know everyone necessity more effective, and tend to be in a position to leave the overwhelmed method to persuade you. Yet, truly the only hitch in such a device is that your gurus suffer the pain of time restraint or even just may perhaps be engaged now and then thanks to illness, abscond and also other purposes. So whereas appointing specific experienced, explore almost all these qualms obviously.

When compared, professionals who function in teams enjoy the benefit to be available on regular basis, however could possibly allocate several persons at several days to fund their other routine, leaves and so on. Yet, you may possibly not be comfy along with the recruits deputed once in a while. Also all sorts of personnel growing your bookkeeping, home business beneath wraps leaks are really a probable and that you will not get bespoke concentration.
One other facet necessities youre thought. As well as best to choose a localized personnel than only a experienced based somewhere else. Your local can get to you swiftly while not justification. Whilst interview, it’s advisable to go into the aspirants aptitude and practical knowledge. Finally, most of the anticipations, remunerations, and compensations ought to be talked about whilst interview.


Building A Record Label

Record labels continue to consolidate and internal departments continue to merge. However, it is important for future record industry executives to have some idea of the internal mechanisms that exist within a major label. In fact, independent labels have to incorporate many of the same responsibilities within their infrastructure in order to compete in todays marketplace.

Some of the departments may seem obvious to some of the more experienced readers. However, even you can benefit from knowing what tasks need to be tackled and accomplished in order to be a fully functional recording labelindependent or major.

It is important to remember that a record company is defined by foundational concepts:
1. Equity in the copyright of the sound recording
2. An ability to promote
3. An ability to distribute

Keeping these underlying concepts in mind, a label can then be about anything the owners want it to be about. Many people hate to concede to the idea that a record label is ultimately about making money, then hopefully about making great music. Although, the latter has been falling farther and farther behind in todays marketplace.
Suffice it to say, the labels departments must also be working toward the common goal in their own ways. Below is a general list of departments within a record label and the responsibilities of each department. Remember with smaller labels, departments are smaller and therefore, many tasks are accomplished by fewer people.

CEO
1. Crafts strategy and implements agenda of corporate parent company
2. May not be involved in day-to-day operations
3. May be responsible for the business affairs of all affiliated labels under the corporate umbrella
4. Reports to executive at corporate parent company

PRESIDENT
1. Responsible for entire record label
2. Reports to CEO
3. Less removed than CEO and may be involved in day-to-day operations and high profile signings

BUSINESS AFFAIRS
Responsible for all contract negotiations and legal affairs

FINANCE/ACCOUNTING
Responsible for all financial functions, payroll, royalty accounting and financial reporting

LABEL LIAISON
1. One person or a small group of people
2. Serves as liaison between record companys distribution company and the record company
3. Helps decide when to release an album and makes sure it doesnt conflict with any other labels the record company owns

A&R
1. Finds new artists (works with a research team to uncover important market research statistics/numbers)
2. Finding artists material
3. Liaison between artist and all other departments of the record company
4. Coordinates across departments for projects
5. Product Manager (your manager within the label)

PROMOTIONS
1. Primary function is to service radio stations with product and secure airplay
2. Manages independent promoters and contractors
3. Works closely with radio stations on contests, concerts, giveaways, etc.
4. Works closely with new media and marketing

SALES
1. Primary function is to service retail with product and oversee retail initiatives
2. Services national and independent accounts
3. Instrumental in planning release schedule, initial unit volume, and solicitation strategies
4. Works closely with marketing and promotion to track radio airplay

MARKETING
1. Creates strategic marketing plan for the company as well as, specific artists and their releases
2. Instrumental in seeking strategic alliances for the label (Consumer Products, advertising, radio/tv/film)

PUBLICITY
1. Gets the word out
2. Writes press releases
3. Helps secure personal appearancesĀ  radio interviews, television exposure, featured articles
4. Works with artists independent publicist if applicable

NEW MEDIA
1. Responsible for dealing with some of the newer aspects of the music business
2. Creates Online PresenceĀ  social networks, online reviews and feature, blogs, website, streaming music, etc.
3. Responsible for producing and creating music videos for the artist

MANUFACTURING AND DISTRIBUTION
1. Coordinates
2. Pressing
3. Packaging
4. Shipping
5. Warehousing and Inventory Management
6. Digital Distribution
7. Rack Jobbers, One Stops, Record Clubs

The aforementioned departments and their tasks are for general reference only. Each specific label has their own way of accomplishing tasks, assigning names to departments, and ultimately selling product. However, note the information, use it to perhaps build your labels infrastructure or to possibly look for a position in the music business, and then build upon it for further success in the music business.


th Century Business Methods Used Today Are The Problem, Not The Solution

Throughout the 20th century, various business methods for operating and developing the company have been contrived and refined, becoming the conventional business methods that we use today. We improve management and effect business change by laying new contrived business methods and structures over the methods in place. Even with all the improvements, we continue to have fundamental problems with re-organizations, intangible assets, accounting limitations, cost control, information management, alignment, etc. Even with all the business organization and management methods, we still have not found the one right method to organize and manage the company business.
Until now. Result-performance Management, newly launched in 2008, provides the one right method to organize and manage the business in the 21st century company, and leave problems with 20th century business methods behind.

Conventional business methods are the generally-accepted wrong ways

Over the past decade, we implemented breakthroughs like business process re-engineering, business transformation methods, business performance management, and enterprise resource planning. But, these turned out to be just new names for conventional business methods to do the same old things.

Why are there so many different business methods to do the same thing? Why isn’t there just one right business method? It is simply because all of these different business methods are wrong methods, and we do not know the one right business method. Since all the different business methods we use are wrong, we can only define the right method by identifying the wrong methods that are generally-accepted. The basis for our management and accounting methods is not that they are the fundamentally-sound and understood right business methods, but that they are the generally-accepted wrong business methods. When we come up with the one right business method, it will be known and accepted, and all of the wrong business methods will be obsolete.

Conventional thinking prevents the new breakthrough needed

Since the beginning of business, no one has ever stopped to think, “Are the business methods that have always been used the best business methods”. We accept existing business methods as the basis and try to improve the methods.

New business methods contrive ways to alleviate the symptoms of fundamental problems inherent in the way things have always been done. This we can do ad infinitum without ever solving the problems. How many methods do we have and how many books have been written about corporate governance, business organization, change management, investment management, capital development, performance management, cost and value accounting and management, solution alignment, intangible assets, business collaboration, etc. Why do we keep coming up with new business methods, if previous business methods were supposed to have solved the problem?

Management improvement books are written using the existing body of knowledge or published record as the valid basis. Many of the books cut, reorganize, and paste what has already been written. Other books describe innovative ways enterprises are coping with contrived business methods. These approaches prevent new breakthroughs and can, at best, produce some incremental improvement.

Conventional 20th century business methods do not organize and manage the business

The problem is that conventional business organization and management methods do not organize and manage the business. Instead we contrived business methods to organize and manage people, departments, functions, activities, duties, positions, tasks, and numerous other entities. Each business method defines these entities in its own way. Each method is laid over the business obscuring the actual business and compounding the problems of business change. The many different business methods describe the company with different entities and definitions creating information complexity and proliferation of information systems.

The organization structure is laid over the business. The business changes, while the organization structure remains rigid, building pressure for reorganization and upheaval. Other business methods and structures are laid over the organization structure. The actual business lies hidden under a proliferation of methods.

We need one right way to organize and manage the business

We need to step back and take a completely new look at the basics of our company business and build the one right method to organize and manage the business. Conventional business organization and management methods manage contrived entities, but fail to specifically define the business and manage specific business entities.

The business definition is investments in capital as solutions of worth utilized for costs and effectiveness of performance to produce value and quality in results. Conventional business management methods do not identify and manage the three entities that define the business and must be managed:

1. Results: Specific economic outputs of value and quality produced at any level from business performance
2. Capital: Specific invested capital available as solutions to be utilized in business performance
3. Performance: Utilization of a specific solutions of worth to incur costs to produce specific results

These three entities are used in Result-performance Management (R-pM) to organize the company. Any other entities used must be defined in terms of results produced, capital investments as solutions, and performance in solutions utilized to produce results.
The business organization changes naturally as results are added, changed, or deactivated. The business organization changes with each new capital investment to implement solutions or to discontinue old solutions. Human capital personnel and capabilities are deployed as solutions where they have the capability to manage and produce results. Other capital is deployed as well as specific solutions to be utilized in performance to produce a result. The business organization changes with each redeployment of a solution to be utilized in performance to produce a result.

R-pM is the new breakthrough needed to organize the business

R-pM is a new breakthrough that defines the results that enterprise management wants to produce and adds and deletes results as needed. R-pM defines the capital utilized as solutions in performance, to show how costs are incurred. R-pM deploys solutions to be utilized in performance to the results to be produced to show total performance costs against the result value created.
Once the organization is simplified, R-pM manages the enterprise in three dimensions for ongoing advantage

1. Result: Manage economic output to reach revenue goals
2. Performance: Manage invested capital in performance to reach profit-margin goals
3. Management: Manage operation and development goals by time period for return and strategic value

R-pM develops new capital solutions over time to create value in new results. R-pM governs the company business performance over time to create strategic value.

R-pM is one simple integrated business method for 21st century management

R-pM removes conventional business complexity and provides one simple integrated business method that eliminates re-organizations, intangible assets, misalignments, ad-hoc development, change management, and unknown costs. R-pM enables strategic value creation, result value-quality chains, transparent governance, innovation technology management, beneficial development, cost and value accounting, result-performance optimization, business collaboration, consulting professionalism, solution-sharing, and many other advantages prevented by 20th century business methods.
When we employ R-pM, we have the one fundamental right business method to organize and manage any enterprise for 21st century management, and leave all the obsolete wrong business methods and unsolvable 20th century problems behind.


Why Get A Louisiana Payroll System For Your Company

There are many requirements and processes to running a business. And if you want to avoid getting into trouble, you should observe accuracy as well as timeliness. However, this is often hard to do when you are inexperienced and you have too much going on your plate. Yes, you have the option to hire staff to help you out. But then again, not everyone will be fully qualified to help you out. Good thing there are tools you can acquire to assist you in every endeavor. That way, you still remain in control of the situation, without being too dependent on your limited human capabilities. For HR and accounting problems, you could utilize Louisiana payroll systems to help you acquire the following advantages:

a. A more organized timekeeping system. Most payroll software have a built in accounting feature that allows users to integrate their timekeeping system so that they can correctly quantify the attendance and punctuality of the companys employees. As such, you do not have to spend so much time going through records and verifying accounts just to make the right computation. This then leads to the second upsideĀ  accuracy.

b. A more accurate computation of employee payroll. Since most factors influencing payroll can be automatically coordinated with the system, the risk of incorporating the wrong information is minimized. This then leads to a more accurate calculation and less reimbursements and losses. In addition, since you can make use of artificial intelligence to run the numbers, results can be verified faster and mistakes can be avoided.

c. You get to lessen external payroll workload. With payroll accounting come payroll distribution responsibilities. Manual methods often use paper checks or cash. And this can be quite exhausting for the team whos preparing them. But with a Louisiana payroll system, you can take advantage of direct deposit features so you do not have to rush to the bank to make the cut. Not only does it ensure your accounting staffs convenience, it also guarantees the next upside.

d. Happier employees. If you give them the right salaries on time, you can rest assured that your staff feels more satisfied working for the company. This would then lead to better attendance and better performances, which would directly influence your production and sales. It is no secret that their wages are very important to your workers. And if you treat it with as much respect and professionalism as you would your payments, you can bet you will be given the same courtesy by those who receive it.

e. Finally, you also get to take advantage of easier payroll processing and tax reporting. Since you can enter relevant filing information like the emoloyees data, his or her pay rate, allowances, deductions and the pay frequency into the system, you can easily derive his or her tax information, implement it, and then submit it before the deadline expires. Anyone who has more than ten employees in their office knows how difficult and expensive it is to cope with such demands on a regular basis. But with a Louisiana payroll system in place, this will no longer be an issue.


Drawbacks Of Financial Accounting

Accounting is not at all free from some accompanying limitations. In fact, financial accounting permits some alternative treatments as well. Bookkeeping is generally based on the concepts usually referred to as generally accepted principles. But there exist more than one principle for the efficient treatment of any one of the items to take place. This permits alternative treatments with in the big framework of generally accepted financial principles. Financial accounting, sometimes, does not provide one with the essential timely information. Actually, it is not at all a limitation when high powered software applications are used to maintain online and concurrent accounts, where the balance sheet will be made available in an instant.

Financial accounting systems are designed in such a way as to supply information in the form of statements called balance sheets and profit and loss accounts, generally for a period of one year. So the information received is said to be of historical interest only, and only the post-mortem analysis of the past figures can be conducted. The whole business requires information given at the right time, at frequent intervals, in order for the management team to plan and take corrective actions. As the tradition goes, financial accounting method is not supposed to bring in relevant financial information in a time interval less than one year. Now, with the advent of computerized accounting soft wares, monthly profit and loss account figures can be known and this will help overcome the existing limitations.

Some are of the opinion that financial accounting statements and reports get influenced by personal judgments. The ‘convention of objectivity’ is respected all over the world in accounting; but, to maintain records of certain events excellent estimates have to be made, which requires informed and intelligent personal judgment. One cannot expect accuracy when it comes to future estimates; and, as a result, objectivity suffers. Financial accounting sometimes ignores some of the very important non-monetary information. But, the interesting fact is that financial accounting does not consider these transactions as something that is non- monetary in nature. As for reference, the intensity and extent of competition faced by the company in business, the latest technical innovations possessed by the organization, the loyalty and efficiency factor of the employees, etc. are some of the important matters the management of the business would get highly interested.

However, accounting is not tailor-made to take note of these kinds of matters. Thus any end user of financial information will, naturally, get deprived of some vital information which is non-monetary in character. Today, good accounting soft wares with MIS and CRM can prove to be of great use for bookkeepers to overcome this limitation, at least partially. Another disadvantage is that financial book-keeping does not provide a very detailed analysis. The information provided is, in reality, just the aggregate of the different financial transactions that have happened during the course of a financial year. In a way, it enables bookkeepers to study the overall results of the business trends, where the information pertains to the cost, revenue and profit of each and every product.